Deciduous teeth are the first teeth to grow in a baby’s mouth. Although most babies do not erupt any teeth by six months of age, the process of teething in some of them begins very early, from the first two months.

Most babies get 20 temporary teeth by the age of 30 months, which are called baby teeth. Some babies have strong protrusions on their gums from birth, which they call anterior teeth. These bumps are natural and have nothing to worry about. Some babies actually erupt their teeth very early, and their first teeth erupt about two months or even earlier. Six weeks is a very young age for teething, but it does not cause any problems for the baby. Tooth eruption at this time also has its usual symptoms; Including saliva coming out of the baby’s mouth, itching and difficulty eating, hard, white bumps, and so on.

Baby tooth eruption at two months:

This is a very early time for teething but it is not impossible. Some babies even have teeth from birth! You heard right, babies can erupt teeth at any time or even be born with teeth! In some babies, the first tooth begins to erupt at three months of age and all of their teeth erupt by 11 months or one year of age.

In this case, you just have to pay attention to the baby’s teeth. They need these teeth by the age of six, and pacifiers and bottles are bad for their teeth. So be sure to brush their small teeth with a soft, clean cloth when you put them in your baby’s mouth.

Tooth eruption may have the following signs and symptoms:

Increased salivation

Fatigue or lack of sleep due to gum pain

Do not eat or refuse food due to gum pain

Occasional bumps and inflammation

Immerse hand and finger in mouth

Itching around the mouth occurs as a result of excessive salivation and skin sensitivity.

Rubbing the cheek or ear because of the pain the child feels inside the gums of the mill.

If you notice these symptoms in your baby, there may be other conditions besides teething:

High fever (especially above 101 degrees Fahrenheit)

Diarrhea, runny nose and cough

Prolonged inflammation

The middle teeth are the first teeth to fall out (between the ages of 6 and 7), followed by the lateral middle teeth (between the ages of 7 and 8). Then it is the turn of the mill teeth. The timing of loosening of these teeth varies from child to child but usually occurs between the ages of 9 and 12. The lower canines between the ages of 9 and 12 and the upper canines between the ages of 10 and 12 begin to loosen and fall out.

Usually, by the age of 13, all the main teeth have erupted and all 28 main teeth of the child are completed (although 4 wisdom teeth appear between the ages of 17 and 21). Talk to your child’s doctor if you are worried or have problems with your baby’s teeth.

Tell your dentist or pediatrician if your baby is 18 months old and has not had any teeth yet (babies born early usually erupt a few months later than other babies). Also, if your child has all the symptoms of teething (including salivation, swollen gums, etc.) but is experiencing a lot of pain symptoms (such as prolonged crying), call your doctor because teething should not be done until The limit should be difficult for the child.

Tooth and gum infections are also called dental abscesses or gingival abscesses. The infection appears as a swollen pus-filled fluid at the root of the tooth or the surface of the gums. Tooth infection can be due to tooth decay. Dental abscess is the accumulation of pus caused by an infection in the teeth and gums. Dental abscesses are very painful and make you feel sick. If abscesses and infections of the teeth or gums are not treated, the condition worsens and the bones around the infected area are destroyed.

Feeling of prolonged, severe pain and shooting on one side of the face that may extend to the eyes, temples or around the neck. You may not even be able to identify which tooth or which part of your mouth is the source of this severe pain.

Severe pain in one side of the mouth or in one or more teeth that makes it difficult for you to eat and can be so severe at night that you wake up from the pain.

Severe pain in one tooth so that you cannot press the other teeth on it. You may also feel that your tooth is slightly raised or slightly loose.

Severe swelling inside or outside the mouth at the gums around one or more teeth or on the face. The swelling may or may not be accompanied by pain or fever.

Swelling or a very small bump on the gums above or below the teeth that may be painful or painless. You may also feel a special, unnatural taste in your mouth.

Tooth abscess occurs when bacteria invade the tooth pulp. The tooth marrow is the innermost layer of the tooth, consisting of a soft tissue containing blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. Bacteria enter the tooth through caries or fractures and cracks on the tooth and reach the root of the tooth. Bacterial infection causes swelling and inflammation in the mouth and teeth. The pus from the infection is pushed through a narrow space in which inflammation forms into a sac (abscess) at the tip of the tooth root, and as the pus accumulates, an abscess forms.

Risk factors

The following factors can increase the risk of dental abscess:

Lack of dental hygiene. Poor gum and tooth hygiene – for example, not brushing or flossing at least twice a day – can increase your risk of tooth decay, gum disease, dental abscess and other oral diseases.

A diet high in sugar. Excessive consumption of sugary foods such as sugary drinks and sweets can cause tooth decay and subsequent tooth abscess.

Infection with related diseases. Having diseases that weaken your immune system, such as diabetes or autoimmune diseases, can also increase the risk of tooth infection and tooth abscess.

The most common symptoms of dental abscess are severe and persistent toothache, which can lead to severe pain when biting and contacting teeth, and shooting in the mouth and teeth. Other symptoms include:


Feeling of pain when chewing food

Sensitivity of teeth to heat and cold (often sensitive to heat, and when cold, the pain is slightly relieved)

Feeling of a bitter taste in the mouth

Bad breath

Swollen glands in the neck

General discomfort and feeling sick

Redness and swelling of the gums

Swelling in the upper or lower jaw

Causes open sores and discharge on the side of the gums

Loose teeth

If the root of the tooth is destroyed by an infection, the toothache may stop. But this does not mean that the infection has healed, but that the infection is still active and spreading to the surrounding tissues and destroying them. Therefore, if you notice any of the above symptoms, even if your toothache subsides, be sure to see your dentist.


Dental abscess will not go away on its own without treatment. If an abscess or pus-filled sac ruptures, the pain may be greatly reduced, but it still needs to be treated. If the dental abscess does not drain, the infection may spread to the jaws and other parts of the head and neck. It may even cause sepsis or a blood infection, which is a widespread and serious threat. If your immune system is weak and you do not treat dental abscess, the risk of spreading the infection to other parts of your body is much higher than someone who has a healthy and strong immune system.


If the abscess is due to tooth decay or broken or cracked teeth:

The tooth and surrounding tissues are anesthetized and a hole is made from the top of the tooth to the inside.

Pus and dead tissue come out of the center of the tooth.

The inside of the tooth and its root canals are thoroughly cleaned and filled with a permanent substance.

A veneer is placed over the filled tooth to protect it.

If a dental abscess is due to an infection in the area between the teeth and the gums:

The abscess is removed and the site is thoroughly cleansed.

The root surface of the tooth becomes clean and soft.

In most cases, surgery or gingival reshaping is performed to prevent recurrence of the infection.

Teeth should be extracted if:

Tooth decay or infection is so severe that it cannot be treated with fillings or denervation.

A broken or cracked tooth is such that it cannot be repaired.

Infection or destruction of tissue (bone) between teeth and gums is very severe.

If a tooth is extracted, one of the following is replaced:




To prevent tooth abscess, it is very important to prevent caries. The most important thing to prevent tooth decay is good care and oral hygiene. Things to consider are:

Brush your teeth at least twice a day with flora toothpaste

Use dental floss or interdental cleaners to thoroughly clean the space between the teeth on a daily basis

Change your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months or whenever your bristles wear out.

Have a balanced diet and reduce the consumption of sugary foods and snacks

See your dentist regularly for professional checking and cleaning of your teeth

Use antimicrobial or flora mouthwashes to add a protective layer against tooth decay

If you have teeth that look small, it can negatively affect your smile. Small teeth may make you reluctant to smile, talk or laugh with others, including friends and family. If you have a job that involves a lot of public or interpersonal interactions, small teeth can affect your performance.

Smile reconstruction for small teeth depends on the ability of the cosmetic dentist to balance the size and shape of the intertwined teeth. The solution used for small teeth can be simply adding a ceramic laminate to increase the size of the tooth.

When only two teeth are out of sync, and the rest of the teeth are delicate, two out-of-sync teeth can really affect the balance of your face. In this case, only two veneers can change your feelings about yourself by providing a much more accurate appearance. However, when all the patient’s teeth are crushed and short, a new bite can be made without damaging the teeth. Enter naturally.

Dental laminates, for adults with small teeth, can change the shape of their teeth in just a few days. The whole dental treatment will be non-invasive. In this process, there will be no damage, discomfort or loss of natural teeth. By placing a laminate on small teeth, a smile will be completely natural in the shortest time.

One of the biggest challenges that very few dentists can successfully accomplish is matching dental laminate with adjacent natural enamel. The dentist must work closely with his lab to design the right color, transparency, surface texture, and shape of the laminate so that the restoration looks exactly like any other tooth.

If even one of these design elements is not carefully considered, the entire dental veneer will have an improper shape. Most dentists do not work with their laboratory during the porcelain preparation process, and this is where the quality comes into play.

Fortunately, smiles can be restored and enhanced using cosmetic and dental treatments such as porcelain veneers.

Reasons why people may have small teeth

Some of the most common causes of small teeth include the following:

Genetics: If you have parents who have small teeth, chances are you do.

Bruxism: Teeth grinding and clenching can affect tooth structure. If left untreated, it can cause erosion over time. As a result, teeth can wear out and make them look small.

Problems related to tooth alignment: Crooked teeth, asymmetrical alignment, and other things related to your smile can make your teeth smaller or larger than adjacent teeth.

Gap between teeth: Tooth gaps make ordinary teeth look small, and the problem of distance makes small teeth look even smaller.

Gingival protrusion: Sometimes the teeth are fine, but problems with the protruding gums make the crowns look smaller.

In this method, there is no need for gingival and dental surgery to implant, and you can perform dental implants by placing artificial teeth or veneers.

In recent years, especially during the last 30 years, there have been various methods for dental implants that can be used to restore and replace lost teeth. One of the most widely used of these methods is dental implants.

These methods include:


Breech method

Use of artificial teeth

Use resin breeches

Today, implant placement is one of the most common methods in the world that has a long shelf life. Of course, this durability depends on several factors.

However, people may not be interested in this method due to various reasons and disadvantages, such as the need for surgery for implant placement, its long treatment period that can last 3 to 6 months, its cost, and.. In this case, we want to continue to introduce dental implant methods without implants.

Fixed bridge dental implants

One of the methods of implantation of teeth without implants is the fixed bridge method. In fixed bridge implants, three teeth are usually placed in the void, with the middle tooth sticking together like a bridge. This type of implant placement usually takes more than one session and requires the dentist to attach the bridge teeth after preparing the side teeth.

By preparing a tooth mold for the empty space and sending it to the laboratory, the dentist makes artificial teeth using materials such as metal, ceramic, glass or a combination of them and then connects the bridge teeth to them. The advantages of this method can be said:

The appearance of the teeth is very similar to the main teeth

No need to remove teeth to clean them

It costs less than dental implants

Advantages of the fixed bridge method

Durability and longevity of teeth: Bridges can have a permanent structure and last up to ten years or more.

Improving the appearance: As can be seen in the picture, this method can make the appearance of the teeth more beautiful and fill in the gaps.

Rapid treatment: A fixed bridge is a treatment that can be done in two sessions, but if the tooth is implanted, it can take up to six months.

Disadvantages of the fixed bridge method

This method is more suitable for those who have lost 1 to 3 teeth in a row.

In this method, it is necessary for the lateral teeth to be structurally free of caries. Because the side teeth act as the base for the bridge.

The adhesive connecting the bridge teeth may disappear after a few years.

Basic teeth can decay if you do not follow good hygiene.

Artificial tooth method

Another method of implant placement without implants is the use of dentures. In this method, for implantation of teeth without the use of implants, usually by attaching a plastic base that is the same color as your gums, a framework for attaching artificial teeth is created. One of the features of this method is the removal of those teeth from the mouth, which can be done for cleaning.

Advantages and disadvantages of dentures

Regarding the advantages and disadvantages of this method, the following can be mentioned:

One of the cheapest methods is to place new teeth.

You can get the look of your teeth as much as before.

It has the fastest length of treatment.

Feeling too many teeth can be one of the disadvantages of this method.

Dentures, especially in the lower part, may slip into place.

Keeping dentures fixed in people depends only on the anatomy of their mouth and jaw.

To prevent or coordinate changes in the structure of the jaw, it is necessary to review the base of the denture from time to time.

When a tooth decays, one of the treatment strategies can be filling the tooth. Usually, if X-rays show that the pulp or soft tissue of the tooth is damaged, they often fill the tooth. The continuous bacterial activity can cause infection over time and damage this part of the tooth. If such an important issue is not addressed and addressed as soon as possible, the infection may spread and cause tooth decay. After such a situation, the dentist advises people to fill their decayed teeth.

No specific age can be mentioned in this regard. Such a condition can occur at any age and for any type of tooth. As long as oral hygiene is not observed, your teeth may decay at any age and you may need to fill them.

The filling process can be both permanent and temporary. In essence, this process is two-stage, the first part of which is temporary. During the first stage, the teeth are temporarily filled with fillings. If the person being treated is not allergic to filler materials and structures, the temporary raw materials are removed and replaced with permanent materials.

As mentioned, when the soft tissue of the tooth, the pulp, is damaged (which usually dies), the tooth also decays. During the filling process, we seek to remove the decayed tissue and replace it with filling material. This will maintain the strength of the tooth and can be counted on in the process of chewing, digestion, and digestion of food.

Different materials are usually used to fill teeth. Each of them has a specific application and is used for a specific purpose. The important point here is that the fillings used for the milk teeth should be stronger. Since the most pressure is applied to the posterior part of the mouth and the teeth of the mill while chewing food, so if low-quality materials and lack of strength are used in these teeth, they will soon need to be refilled.

Dark and colored fillings can be used to fill the back teeth (mainly the mill). But it is better to use light and white filling materials to fill the front teeth. Because these teeth are more visible and filling them with dark-colored materials can endanger the beauty of teeth and face.

The most valuable sign of tooth decay can be the feeling of pain or gnashing of teeth while eating and chewing hot and cold foods. If you have been experiencing this condition on a regular basis for a few days, it is best to see your dentist to check your teeth so that your mouth and teeth can be carefully examined.

This condition will not usually be uncomplicated and you may experience at least some of the following:

Mild to severe toothache while chewing food

Swollen gums just around a decayed tooth.

Likely to see signs of infection around the same tooth

Swelling of parts of the face that are rotten on or around the teeth.

If the first case (ie toothache due to caries) worsens and spreads to different parts of the mouth, it is best to see a dentist immediately. You should never let go of a toothache as it will automatically heal in the next few hours or days. If the damage to the dental pulp is deep, you should know that it is difficult to repair and is not possible without the help of a dentist.

Some people are more at risk for tooth decay, including:

Low-income families (children and adults).

Elderly people, from any socio-economic class.

People who live in areas where water is not fluoridated.

People who produce less mucus in their mouths due to illness or medication.

People undergoing radiation therapy.

People with diabetes

Smokers and people who smoke.

People who use alcohol and drugs.

People who consume large amounts of carbonated and sugary drinks.

Tooth decay is caused by two factors: bacteria in the mouth and eating foods high in starch and sugar. The presence of bacteria in the mouth is normal, but if oral hygiene is not observed, the presence of these bacteria can be problematic. Bacteria that are naturally present in the mouth combine with food particles and saliva to produce a substance called plaque. Plaque is a very viscous and invisible (transparent) material that forms quickly. Foods that contain sugar and starch make plaque more sticky on the teeth. If plaque remains on the teeth for more than a few days, it gradually hardens and turns into a substance called tartar.

This bacterium causes tooth decay when bacteria in plaque and tartar convert sugar in the mouth into acid.

Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus subrinus are bacteria that combine most with carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose, and glucose to produce acid. This acid softens and corrodes the hard tissue of the tooth and over time, a cavity or hole is formed on the tooth called tooth decay.

Symptoms of tooth decay

Tooth decay usually has no early symptoms, which explains why it is important to see a dentist regularly. With regular dental visits and periodic radiographs, tooth decay can be diagnosed in the early stages and treated before the cavity progresses to the point where it causes symptoms.

As tooth decay progresses, the cavity created in the tooth gets closer to the root of the tooth and causes toothache. The pain gradually increases and especially intensifies when the teeth are exposed to heat, cold, foods and sugary drinks. If the cavity created in the tooth is wide enough, it can break a part of the tooth, resulting in a large and visible hole in the tooth, and the tooth may be exposed to pressure when Chewing food becomes sensitive. Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth are other symptoms of tooth decay. Caries of the front teeth is more visible and can be seen in the form of brown or black spots on the teeth, but caries in other teeth is usually not visible without the use of X-rays.

If the tooth decay is in the early stages, your dentist will apply a fluoride solution to it to prevent the caries from progressing. If tooth decay has caused the destruction of tooth enamel (hard coating on the tooth) and has created a cavity in the tooth, your dentist will first remove the soft part of the tooth at the site of the caries and then fill the cavity with special materials.

If the root of the tooth is damaged, denervation treatment may be needed. In denervation treatment, the nerve inside the tooth is completely removed, and instead, the tooth is filled with special materials and then placed on the veneer. If the amount of tooth damage is so great that it cannot be recovered and repaired, the tooth may be extracted.

Fluoride treatment

Fluoride is probably the most effective way to prevent or prevent the spread of tooth decay. Fluoride is a mineral that is found naturally in some foods, such as fish and tea, but can also be produced artificially.

In the production of toothpaste, synthetic fluoride is used and the required fluoride that should reach the teeth is supplied to most people in this way. In some countries and regions, very small amounts of fluoride are added to municipal tap water. Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel, protects the teeth, and makes the teeth more resistant to the acid produced by plaque. It also reduces the ability of plaque to produce acid and increases the ability of tooth enamel to repair and recover. If your tooth decay is in its early stages, your dentist can prevent further tooth decay by using fluoride therapy and placing a fluoride solution or paste or gel on the tooth.

Two factors are involved in the development of dental caries, while two factors are important in preventing caries: oral health and changing eating habits.

Oral hygiene means brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing at least once a day and cleaning your teeth professionally in the dental office every six months, and being examined by a dentist to check the condition of your teeth with the help of radiographic images.

Reducing the amount of sugar consumed – especially sugary drinks – can be effective in preventing tooth decay. It is best to brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after eating sticky foods.

It is recommended that you eat sweet and sticky foods such as dried fruits with your main meals instead of as a snack. Avoiding multiple snacks throughout the day, not eating chocolate and sweets, and sweeteners can also help prevent the formation of acid in your mouth (which can lead to caries).

Fissure sealant is also very effective in preventing tooth decay. Fissure sealants are most often performed on children after their Asian teeth have erupted. Fissure sealant is a thin plastic-like coating on the surface of the Asian teeth that prevents plaque from forming on these teeth.

Fluoride therapy is another way to prevent tooth decay. Fluoride may be present in drinking water and fluoride solution may be used. Topical fluoride solution is also used in routine dental examinations. Your dentist may also recommend fluoride mouthwash and toothpaste.

Facial and maxillofacial pain is a common problem that affects millions of people around the world. This poses many of the health challenges in the health care community when diagnosing and treating because there are so many potential causes for maxillofacial pain. Yes, its correct diagnosis is vital.

Doctors need to identify the exact cause to provide the best treatment for pain. Experts believe that we should never ignore the pain in the joints and bones of the jaw, especially when we have it for a long time because sometimes mandibular pain is dangerous.

Causes and causes of mandibular pain: There are several causes for jaw pain, and this may be related to physical injury, nerve problems, or problems with blood vessels. The most common cause of jaw pain is mandibular joint disorder (TMJ), which affects 12% of people. Affects. About 5% seek medical treatment because of the severity of the problem. Women of childbearing age are more likely to be affected by TMJ.

Other known causes of jaw or face pain include:

Grinding, grinding, or opening your mouth too much: Often, bruxism, and tooth grinding are experienced during sleep and can lead to tooth damage and jaw pain, and can also occur during periods of high emotional stress.

Osteomyelitis: This is a condition in which the infection in the body affects the bones and related tissues.

Arthritis or osteoarthritis: Arthritis, such as osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis, causes the surface of the bones to wear away.

Synovitis or capsule: These are conditions in which the joint liner or ligament becomes inflamed.

What disease does mandibular pain indicate?

Tooth and mouth problems: These can include gum disease, tooth decay, cleft lip, damaged tooth, or abscess.

Injury: The most common cause of jaw pain is an injury to the jaw.

Cluster headaches: If, in addition to jaw pain, you experience pain in the back or around the eyes, jaw pain may be due to cluster headaches, which are one of the worst types of headaches.

Nerve damage: Sometimes jaw pain can be caused by nerve pain. Triple nerve pain or neuralgia is a problem caused by a compress on a trigeminal nerve that causes pain in your face, including your upper and lower jaw.

A cleft lip, gum, or palate in front of the mouth can cause a variety of problems for the teeth. They affect the number, size, shape, and position of deciduous and permanent teeth. Teeth damaged by cleft lip and palate are usually located in the cleft palate; Like lateral teeth. A gap is created between the canine and the lateral tooth. In some cases, the lateral tooth is not present at all. Teeth in the cleft palate may have an abnormal arrangement. In some cases, the front teeth will have problems, such as lateral teeth.

In general, the first goal is to treat, repair or “close” the cleft lip and palate and treat the labia minora as soon as possible – between 2 and 9 months. In order to have a proper function in the lips, teeth, and jaw (for the ability to speak) and also to improve the hearing condition, other treatment sessions are formed. Plastic surgery, orthodontics, orthodontic surgery, and speech therapy may be used for this purpose.

Depending on the complexity of the complication, complementary therapies are used after the initial treatment to completely eliminate the defects. The child’s treatment plan usually includes a dental examination by a pediatrician at 1 year of age. Bone grafts for oral cavity repair may be recommended between the ages of 8 and 11 at the time of canine growth. Orthodontics can be started at the age of 12 to correct the position of the teeth relative to each other. In some cases, orthodontic surgery is used to treat more serious jaw complications.

A child with cleft lip and palate will need the same preventive and protective methods as normal children. However, since children with cleft lip and palate (cleft lip) may have problems with missing, deformed, or misaligned teeth, they should be seen by a knowledgeable dentist sooner.

With proper dental care, babies born with cleft lip and palate can also have healthy teeth. Proper care means cleaning, proper nutrition, and fluoridation of the teeth. Using a soft toothbrush should start at the same time as the teeth grow. Oral hygiene guidelines and preventative measures can be obtained from a pediatric dentist or a general dentist. Many dentists recommend that your child’s first dental examination be performed around the age of 1 and if there are any abnormalities in his or her teeth, before the age of 1. The initial examination is usually performed by the cleft lip and palate treatment team.

General dental care and regular visits to the dentist usually begin at the age of three. The recommended treatments will depend on several factors. Some children need only some preventative measures, while others need fillings or tooth extractions.

The first orthodontic examination may be done even before the baby is extracted. The purpose of this work is to study the growth of the face, especially the growth of the jaws. Later, as the teeth grow, the dentist offers long-term and short-term plans to address the needs of the individual. For example, if a child’s maxillary teeth do not fit well next to the mandibular teeth, the orthodontist may suggest an early course of treatment to correct the maxillary-mandibular relationship. Usually, after this course of treatment, there is another long-term period during which the dentist monitors the growth of the face and teeth. With the growth of permanent teeth, the last phase of orthodontics provides the balance of the teeth.

Because a variety of procedures can be performed during a period of anesthesia, coordination between the surgeon and the dentist is important. Tooth restoration or extraction can be performed during other cleft palate surgeries.

The surgeon can reconstruct the incision by performing a bone graft. An orthodontist can place special devices on the maxillary teeth and prepare them for bone grafting. A temporary retainer is usually applied to the bone graft before a special medical brace is prepared.

As the child progresses to adolescence, the orthodontist and surgeon rediscover their efforts and treat the complication if the position of the jaws is abnormal and the teeth are not positioned correctly. If orthodontics is not possible to correct the position of the teeth alone, a combined method of orthodontics and cleft lip and palate surgery is used. This surgery is usually performed after the growth spurt of puberty.

A dentist or prosthetist is a specialist dentist who manufactures dentures and related medical devices to help people with cleft lip and palate or cleft lip and palate achieve their eating and talking needs. The dentist may use a dental bridge to fill in missing teeth.

If you suffer from both headaches and toothaches, it is natural to wonder if these two symptoms are related. Maybe your toothache also triggers a headache, or maybe a combination of headache and toothache indicates a major health problem such as a sinus infection or temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

There are many causes of toothache, such as cavities, cracked teeth, or impacted wisdom teeth. If left untreated, the person may have a migraine – a throbbing, often one-sided headache that can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light or sound.

Experts believe that toothache that causes migraines is related to the trigeminal nerve, which is the fifth nerve in the skull. The trigeminal nerve is responsible for most of the facial senses, including the upper and lower lips, teeth, and gums.

Since the trigeminal nerve is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of migraine, it is logical that an underlying dental disease can stimulate the trigeminal nerve branch and thus cause migraines.

In addition to a toothache that causes migraines, tooth decay or advanced gum disease can “refer” the pain to the head.

Referred pain means that you have a problem in a separate area of ​​your body that actually causes pain in another part. Again, this is due to the many neural connections (via the trigeminal nerve) that connect the teeth and other facial structures to the brain.

It is not surprising that a person sees a doctor when a dental problem occurs due to tension headaches or migraines.

An example of pain referred to as the head (of the teeth) is the gnashing of teeth, in which people press their teeth together. This often happens at night.

Bruxism is generally reported as a dull ache that wraps around the head or behind the eyes. Toothache and jaw muscle pain, as well as locking on the jaw joint or difficulty opening and closing the mouth, are also common.

Cavernous sinus thrombosis: Rarely, untreated dental disease can cause a serious, life-threatening infection called cavernous sinus thrombosis, causing severe headaches and often being felt behind the eyes or forehead.

In addition to severe headaches, other symptoms of cavernous sinus thrombosis include:

High fever

Poor eye movement (from third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve involvement)

Eyelid swelling

Eyeball protrusion (proptosis)

There are some conditions that may cause headaches and toothaches, but are not actually related to headache and toothache disorders (such as migraines or tension headaches).

Sinus infection: A sinus infection can cause discomfort in one or more teeth, especially your upper teeth. Because they are located just below the maxillary sinus (behind the cheek bones).

In addition to toothache, headaches that are located in the damaged sinus cavity and worsen when bent forward are a common sign of a sinus infection.

Other signs and symptoms of a sinus infection include:



Nasal congestion and purulent discharge (containing pus)

Ear pressure or fullness

Bad Breath

Temporomandibular joint disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ or TMD), which refers to a problem in the jaw joint (located in front of your ear) and the muscles around it, is another condition that dentists commonly see because it often causes toothache.

In addition to toothache, temporomandibular joint disorders often cause headaches, which are usually described as pain that starts in the ear and travels to the jaw or neck. These headaches are usually caused by jaw movements such as chewing or opening and closing the mouth.

Trigeminal neuralgia: Trigeminal neuralgia is a pain disorder characterized by stimulation of the trigeminal nerve. This disorder causes fragile pain or shock, which is almost always unilateral.

In many cases, pain is felt along the upper or lower jaw, which is why people sometimes go to their dentist first and say they are suffering from a tooth abscess.

In fact, it is not uncommon for a person to undergo one or more unnecessary operations or tooth extractions before being diagnosed with trigeminal neuralgia.

Be sure to see your doctor if you suffer from a new toothache or headache. Basic diagnosis can be a difficult process, even for healthcare providers, so be sure to talk to a specialist.

Dental braces, also known as dental orthodontics, can change lives. All you have to do is endure and use them for a year or more.

Today, we explain to many of our patients that many Hollywood stars can only have beautiful smiles in their photos by using this brace or dental wire. Of course, there are many people who hate dental brackets, and this can be easily understood from the large number of personal comments that have been written about those who have had them in the past.

The effect of orthodontics on the shape of the lips: One of the problems that patients have is lip change in orthodontics. Women and models especially are very worried about the effects of braces on the lips and the potential deformation of their lips.

Your teeth and lips are connected by a small groove called the maxillary groove of the lip that actually connects the inside of your lip to the gums. As we know, braces regulate the rest of the teeth by applying force to the front teeth. In some cases, however, the front teeth are not in the right position and the front teeth need to be properly aligned first.

When the front teeth go backwards, because of this groove between the teeth and the gums, the lips follow backwards and cover the teeth. Depending on the final position of your teeth and how long your treatment has lasted, the lips will make your teeth stand out more as they go back. In some cases, the lips may look larger than before, which is just a change in the position of the lips and no change in size.

Orthodontic treatment can have a big impact on the shape of your face and face. As your teeth and jaw change, so do other features of your face.

When your teeth and jaws are properly aligned, you will not only enjoy a perfect smile, but the shape of your face will be more attractive and beautiful. So this is a two-pronged deal!
Orthodontic treatment can have a big impact on the shape of your face and face. As your teeth and jaw change, so do other features of your face.

When your teeth and jaws are properly aligned, you will not only enjoy a perfect smile, but the shape of your face will be more attractive and beautiful.

The effect of orthodontics on the cheeks: To understand the effects that orthodontics has on your face and face, you need to describe the different dental problems and how each affects the shape of your face and appearance.

Under bite condition occurs when the lower teeth are placed before the upper teeth. Under bite can affect the fit of your face and make your face look much bigger. Orthodontic treatment can improve your facial features by moving your jaw to the right position.

Overbite is a common dental problem caused by the protrusion of the upper teeth over the lower teeth. This condition may cause the upper lip to appear more prominent and the lower jaw to appear weak and hollow. Orthodontic correction improves this protrusion and makes the appearance of the jaw and face more homogeneous and balanced.

Open bite is a defect in the pairing and closing of the teeth, in which case the teeth always remain slightly open. This condition causes the mouth to be stretched and the upper or lower lip to appear slightly protruding, which upsets the balance of the face.

Crooked teeth can cause facial asymmetry, especially if one side of the mouth has more crooked teeth than the other. Dental braces can cure this problem and straighten the jaw and smile and align the teeth.

Although many people are well accustomed to the changes in their lips after the installation of dental braces, but there are some people who are very sensitive to their face and lips and after the treatment of the changes in their lips are unhappy and cannot stand this situation. Do you have to worry about face changes after orthodontics?

In fact, you have the right to be sensitive about your appearance and ask your orthodontist about this, but you should know that there are different ways to solve this problem and there is no need to worry.

In most cases, dentists try to inform patients about changes that may occur in the lips before performing removable or fixed orthodontics and placing dental braces, and if necessary, some special methods can be used to treat the process. The main changes in the lips do not affect the overall shape of the patient’s face.

Your orthodontist can use some deadly strips on your braces, which slows down the process of changing the position of your teeth and prevents the shape of your lips from changing. You can also use invisible braces to reduce the cosmetic problems of your teeth. However, it may still have a small effect on your lips.