Your orthodontist may have talked to you about molars during orthodontic treatment. To get acquainted with molar teeth, we will first provide a general description of the tooth. Teeth have the hardest structure among the body parts, in other words, they are the hardest and most rigid part of the body. The teeth are located in the oral cavity and on the gums in the upper and lower jaws and play the first role in eating and digesting food.

Types of permanent teeth

The main use of teeth is to grind and grind food or to physically digest food. Teeth in humans also play a very important role in speaking and pronouncing words correctly.

Permanent teeth are divided into 4 types and named. The front or incisor teeth are for cutting and shredding, the canine or canine teeth for cutting and tearing, the small mill or premolars for crushing and grinding, and the large mill or molar teeth for further wear and chewing.

The last three teeth on either side of the upper and lower jaws are called the great molars, the great molars, the molar, or the molar. The number of these teeth is a total of 12 molar teeth, which are called the first, second and third mills, respectively. The teeth of the first mill are located right next to the second teeth of the small mill or premolar.

The molar teeth have a large surface area for chewing. Also on the chewing surface of these teeth, which play a major role in abrasion and crushing food, there are several cusps or point protrusions that are used to crush food.

What is the structure of molar teeth?

The structure of the jaws and jaws is such that through the bone and the connection of the tendons and the muscles, it is possible to apply a lot of force with the aim of chewing and grinding by each molars. The eruption of molar teeth and how they are placed in orthodontics is of special importance.

In vegetarians such as cattle and horses, the molar teeth are flat and have relatively sharp edges. In these animals, the specific surface area for chewing molar teeth is higher and these teeth are mainly responsible for chewing forage. In fact, the type of molars or large mill teeth in vegetarians is adapted to feed on hard and dry materials.

In carnivores, the teeth of the large mill are sharper and their specific chewing surface is more limited than in the molar teeth of vegetarians. These teeth are also differentiated according to the type of diet of carnivores, with the priority of tearing and tearing the meat and then rapid chewing.

The importance of molar teeth in oral health and beauty

The first molar teeth play an important role in chewing. This tooth also acts as a guide for the growth of other permanent teeth and its presence has a significant effect on the natural shape of the jaws and ultimately the beauty of the face composition. If there is a disturbance in the growth of this tooth, it will cause misalignment of the teeth.

If we count the teeth of the two jaws from the midline of the teeth, the sixth tooth in each maxillary quarter (upper and lower jaws on the right and left) is called the first great molars, the first molar or the sixth tooth.

This tooth grows around the age of six and as the first permanent tooth in children’s mouths. For this reason, this tooth is sometimes referred to as the six-year-old tooth.

The first molar teeth play an important role in chewing. In addition, this tooth acts as a guide for the growth of other permanent teeth and its presence plays a significant role in the natural shape of the teeth and consequently the shape of the jaws.

Because permanent teeth are expected to appear in the mouth after the deciduous teeth loosen and fall out, sometimes parents do not notice the growth and permanence of the tooth, and in many cases, they sometimes realize its existence and Kelly pays attention to the molar teeth, which, in the examination of the teeth and mouth, the dentist discusses caries and the need to repair the first tooth of Asia Minor.

What is the third molar or wisdom tooth?

The teeth of the third large mill are known as wisdom teeth. These teeth are located at the end of the jaws and usually begin to grow around the age of 20.

The third molars have special problems, the main reason being the lack of space for the teeth to grow and compress on the jaw. Wisdom teeth remain under other teeth or bones and cause a phenomenon called impacted wisdom teeth, which is accompanied by pain and pressure in the jaw and sometimes requires surgery.

Dissolve a teaspoon of sea salt in a cup of boiling water and wait for it to cool slightly until there is no longer any danger to your mouth and burns with hot water. Then fill your mouth with salt water and swirl it in your mouth for at least 30 seconds or more, then rinse it out.

Then repeat this process and this time roll with it for a few seconds before pouring out the solution. Do this three to five times a day to relieve pain and see a dentist.

If you do not have sea salt, you can use regular salt because this type of salt also has a special disinfection, but does not contain any minor minerals that relieve pain.

Keep in mind that the pain may return a few days later, and this time it may be even more severe. In this case, see a doctor immediately.

 Avoid hot or cold foods and drinks

For some people, toothache can be caused by exposure to very hot or cold foods and drinks. Nerve roots are overly sensitive and can cause the most pain. In these cases, avoid hot tea and coffee, sugary drinks with ice. Do not freeze if you have a toothache – this will probably help reduce inflammation, but it will most likely irritate the nerve roots and increase the pain. Avoid eating kebabs, soups and hot broth, at least until cool.

The first sign of tooth decay may be the feeling of pain in the teeth while eating something very hot or cold.

In addition to ice molds, chewing hard nuts, seeds and beans can also make toothache worse and possibly lead to more damage to broken teeth.

Avoid eating any very sweet foods

 In addition to extreme temperatures (hot / cold), foods and beverages that are too sweet can also cause or exacerbate toothache. Refined sugar can further damage caries caused by tooth decay and uncovered nerve channels, so eating fruits is usually okay. On the other hand, you should not eat Pashmak, toffee, chocolate bar, razor, donut, ice cream or very sweet foods. Also avoid beverages such as fizzy drinks and sweetened iced tea or coffee.

Hard chocolates can cause toothache more than ever: they are too sweet and so hard that they can damage cracked or weak teeth.

Even healthy snacks, such as granola bar, can be a problem for toothaches due to the presence of honey, sweet raisins and dates, and worst of all, hard nuts.

Regular brushing and flossing

 Learn proper oral hygiene practices to prevent new or worsening damage and reduce bad breath. These steps will keep your teeth healthy, strong and painless.

Brush twice a day and floss once a day. See your dentist at least once a year or even every six months for a checkup. Your dentist can detect any problems with your teeth.

While regular brushing and flossing can not go back in time and repair the damage done to the tooth, it can prevent future caries and also be a solution to reduce bone calculus before tooth decay.

Try to have a toothbrush with you in your bag or car, so you can use your toothbrush anywhere. If you can not brush, at least rinse your mouth with water.

Use special toothbrushes and toothpaste

If toothache is caused by tooth sensitivity, consider using a toothbrush and toothpaste that are designed specifically for overly sensitive teeth. You can find such products in most pharmacies.

Sensitive teeth usually cause the gums to recede. As the gums shrink, the dentin beneath the surface of the enamel remains uncoated. Sensitive toothpastes are designed to clean this area of ​​the teeth with softer ingredients.

Use a toothbrush with soft bristles. If your toothache is related to retraction of the gums, a soft-bristled toothbrush can be used to preserve more tissue from your normal gums.

Medium and rough toothbrushes are usually good for caries, but soft toothbrushes are better options for those with gum pain or similar problems.

Consult your dentist

Each brief shot of pain in the mouth does not require a dental examination, but many toothaches usually do not go away and become more aggressive over time.

Toothache that lasts for more than a few days; Symptoms of infection, such as excessive swelling, increasing pain when biting, inflamed red gums and / or the presence of white purulent discharge with blood; Difficulty breathing or swallowing; Any fever with pain. Your dentist will examine your mouth and will probably take a radiograph of your teeth. Tooth decay, abscesses, gingivitis, cracked teeth or even rough abrasions are all common causes of pain that can be treated in a dentist’s office. If you or your child has recently experienced oral trauma, talk to your dentist.


Grapes contain malic acid, which helps whiten your teeth naturally. If we consume grapes for a short time, you will gradually notice the reduction of stains and discoloration of the teeth and you will have a beautiful smile with white teeth. In addition, grapes have antioxidant properties that act like bacteria in the mouth, so it is effective in preventing inflammation and toothache.

Strengthen teeth with crisp fruits and vegetables

Chewing crunchy foods such as carrots, apples and cucumbers can remove dental plaque and be used as a way to clean teeth.

Eat cheese to have healthy teeth

Consumption of dairy products in addition to improving the general health of the body affects the strength of bones and teeth. Cheese is rich in calcium and has properties that prevent cavities and regulates the pH of the tooth and mouth; It is recommended to eat a small piece of low-fat cheese every day to strengthen teeth.


The right amount of water and fiber in this fruit stimulates the production of saliva and protects the teeth against acid. Pears have a neutralizing effect compared to other fruits, and anything that helps the neutralization process is good for the teeth because it removes acids from the enamel and strengthens the enamel.

Almonds strengthen teeth

In addition to keeping the brain healthy, almonds are also good for keeping your teeth and gums healthy and healthy because they contain enough calcium, vitamin E and dietary fiber. Calcium is important for strengthening tooth enamel and preventing tooth decay. Calcium deficiency leads to easy wear and tear of teeth.

Vitamin E has antioxidant properties that help fight tooth and gum disease. Dietary fiber also reduces plaque formation by stimulating saliva production. However, cocoa-coated nuts should be avoided.


Eating garlic helps strengthen teeth and reduces the risk of various gum diseases. Garlic has strong antimicrobial properties that help keep your mouth and teeth free of any bacteria.


Red meat is a rich source of phosphorus. Phosphorus is one of the main components of tooth enamel, so eating red meat helps to regenerate and strengthen your teeth.


Onions help keep teeth healthy by having an antibacterial compound called sulfur.

What foods are harmful to teeth?

Lemon, orange and grapefruit

Citrus fruits contain citric acid, which has a low pH rating, which can damage tooth enamel and cause decay. If you eat these fruits or their extracts for breakfast, it is best to avoid eating other acidic foods throughout the day to minimize damage to your teeth.


Sorry for the coffee fans, we must say that this drink is very harmful to the health of your teeth. The tannic acids in coffee, in addition to damaging tooth enamel, can also cause brown coffee stains. However, if we do not consume this drink too much, we can take advantage of its many properties and prevent damage to the teeth.


Fruits such as tomatoes can also damage dental health, so do not overdo it.


Sticky chocolates and sweets such as cookies, cakes and snacks such as chips are the cause of dental problems and not only have no nutritional value, but the type and amount of sugar in them sticks to the teeth. Bacteria in the mouth also feed on these sugars and release acid, which can cause tooth decay. So to prevent caries and also strengthen teeth, it is better to avoid eating these foods.

Popcorn for teeth

We all love to eat popcorn in the cinema, but be careful that they also damage your teeth. First, they get stuck easily between the teeth, increasing the chances of bacteria growing. The ones that are lost are very hard and you can damage your enamel or broken tooth again.


We often use vinegar in salad dressings, sauces, pickles and some potato chips and it is important to know that this can cause tooth decay. Studies have warned of an increased risk of enamel erosion for people who frequently consume vinegar-rich foods. Vinegar is an important ingredient in a delicious salad, but you should remember to rinse your mouth with water afterwards to minimize the potential risk.

Dried fruits

Dried fruits are also high-sugar foods that are converted to acid in the mouth by bacteria. Now add the stickiness of these foods to its sugar content. The danger is that the tooth will be exposed to the remnants of these foods, which have been converted to acid, for a long time. The result is that the enamel is damaged and the teeth eventually rot from the inside out.

Do not drink soda to strengthen teeth

Almost all of us know that soda is a death sentence for healthy teeth due to its high sugar content, high carbon content and acidic content. Numerous studies show that drinking too much or even  too little causes tooth decay.

To correct the shape and size of the tooth or to align the tooth is one of the cosmetic dental methods in which a small amount of enamel, i.e. the outer layer covering the tooth, is cut to correct the shape, height or surface of one or more teeth. Sometimes it is enough to cut a few millimeters of the tooth in the right place to make the tooth more beautiful. Correction of tooth shape and size is often done along with bonding. Bonding is another cosmetic dental procedure in which the shape of the tooth is modified using composites of the same color as the tooth. Shaping and aligning teeth is sometimes the first step in more expensive cosmetic dentistry, such as veneers, teeth whitening, and crown lengthening, which take months or even years to complete. But if you do not want to spend a lot of time and money on expensive cosmetic dental treatments, correcting the shape of the teeth and aligning the teeth will bring a beautiful smile on your lips.

Problems that can be corrected by the method of measuring teeth

Defects or problems such as partial overlap or abnormal shape of the teeth, partial filling or fracture of the lip, or excessive sharpness of the canines can often be corrected by partial grinding of the teeth to correct the shape and alignment of the teeth.


Although cosmetic dentistry is a maintenance method for changing the appearance of teeth, it is still best to examine the strengths and weaknesses of this method before making a decision to make sure it is appropriate. The benefits of correcting the shape and size of the teeth are as follows:

lower cost

Scratching teeth is a cheap way to have a more attractive smile. The cost of this procedure is usually determined by each tooth and the extent of the treatment. If the tooth defect is the result of an injury or accident, the insurance will pay part of the cost.


Because only superficial enamel is cut, the patient does not feel any discomfort or pain during treatment and does not need anesthesia.

Promoting dental health

Elimination of minor dental overlaps and other defects that can be the site of plaque and plaque accumulation, reduces the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

Orthodontic alternative

Correcting and aligning teeth can sometimes be an alternative to orthodontics, as this simple method can also align teeth and eliminate overlap and irregularity.

 Ideal treatment

Correcting and aligning teeth is the best method for people who want to make only minor changes to their teeth or whose teeth need a minor restoration. This procedure is recommended for patients whose teeth are slightly crooked or irregular or too sharp or one side of the tooth is more protruding than the other. Of course, scratching teeth is not suitable for decayed, denervated or unhealthy gums.


Correction of tooth shape is done using special dental tools and abrasion techniques. The dentist carefully cuts the enamel with a laser or drill. Before starting the treatment, the teeth are photographed to check the location and amount of pulp and to ensure the health of the teeth. The dentist then marks the areas needed for sharpening and beautification with a pencil. The dentist then cuts the deformed areas, shortens the tooth, or manipulates the abnormal tooth to fit the rest of the tooth and correct problems with bite or misaligned teeth. The dentist eliminates or minimizes the surface defects of the teeth with a special polishing device and sometimes scales the sides of the teeth with sandpaper-like strips. The dentist eventually straightens and polishes the teeth. Correction of tooth shape and size sometimes requires only a 30-minute session, although the duration of treatment depends on its extent.

If the shape of the tooth is corrected along with the bonding, the dentist can correct the filling and the distance between the teeth, make the tooth more beautiful and its color better. Before applying the resin, the dentist applies a dermal device such as acid to the tooth surface to allow the resin to adhere well to the tooth. Because this causes tooth sensitivity, the dentist may anesthetize the tooth. The dentist sometimes applies a preparation fluid to the tooth to strengthen the bond between the resin and the tooth. The dentist forms the resin and finally dries and hardens it with light. Bonding lasts 30 minutes to an hour, if beautification is more than one tooth, the patient is given several sessions.

Limitations-Partiality of change

Contrasting and aligning teeth Unlike some cosmetic dental procedures, cosmetic changes do not cause a significant change in the smile and do not whiten the teeth. So if you want a complete change and a significant modification of the smile design, it is better to try veneer. Aesthetic shaving removes only small imperfections, while veneer covers the entire front surface of the tooth and turns the tooth completely upside down.

Increased risk of tooth decay

Depending on the amount of enamel that is shaved while correcting the shape of the tooth, the tooth may become sensitive after a while. If a lot of enamel is shaved, there is a possibility of tooth breakage.

Digital implant surgery is the wonder of modern dentistry. They are replacement teeth that are supported by your jawbone, just like natural teeth, so they allow you to enjoy all your favorite foods, you do not need special care, and with proper care may last a lifetime.

Are you dissatisfied with the appearance of your smile right now? Losing teeth can not only lower your self-esteem, it can also affect your oral health.

Digital implant surgery uses a three-dimensional computer simulation to examine bone position and nerve position. Using this information, a reputable cosmetic dentist can perform surgery with minimal incisions. Because digital implant surgery focuses on making the smallest possible incision, the pain will be much less than with traditional implant surgery.

During dental procedures, an accurate guide is used on the teeth to ensure that no damage is done to the nerve or surrounding teeth. This guide also helps dentists make precise yet small incisions for dental implants.

Now, with the new method of digital tooth implantation, doctors can perform your procedure faster and easier than before.

The idea of ​​minimally invasive surgery is that if patients want to have minimal pain and discomfort and a short recovery time, they should tolerate a minimum incision. For dental implants, this means making small incisions that do not require stitches.

Minimal incision surgery is also very suitable for significantly reducing bleeding and swelling after dental surgery. General incision surgery, on the other hand, requires the dentist to cut the gums to the end of the bone, examine the position of your nerves, and examine the condition of the bone.

With traditional dental implant surgery, the gums must be cut along the entire length of the implant site. This is why many patients are now turning to digital implant surgery. Digital implant surgery requires minimal incisions because it uses a three-dimensional CT scan to check bone and nerve position. Traditional dental implant surgery, on the other hand, requires making a large incision along the gums to the bone.

The cavity we make to place the dental implant is so small that it does not need to be sutured. This not only reduces your recovery period, but also reduces the risk of swelling, bleeding and infection. The whole digital implant surgery usually takes about 10 to 20 minutes for every 1 to 2 dental implants.

It should be noted that with the use of digital dental implants, you still enjoy all the benefits of traditional dental implants. This includes:

Natural appearance of teeth

Normal tooth function

No special care

Stimulates the jawbone to maintain facial structure.

Can last a lifetime (clinical studies prove performance of +30 years)

Doctors do not sacrifice any of these benefits in digital tooth implantation. But this method has additional benefits.

Shutter method

One of the great advantages of digital dental implants is that they do not take long. While traditional dental implant surgery for two implants can take 130 minutes or more, the digital denture surgery stage allows us to examine all the details beforehand and optimize the procedure.As a result, your dental implant may take less than 15 minutes.

Grit your teeth faster

With digital dental implants, you will most likely get your temporary tooth on the same day. And in general, you are likely to recover faster, on average 5-7 days, compared to traditional 123 days.

Easier method

Many people are concerned about whether a dental implant will be damaged, but with modern anesthesia, there is no discomfort during the operation. And by using digital dental implants, dentists can reduce the discomfort even more. This method does not require cutting or stitching. The mock surgery stage also allows us to optimize the method of minimizing gum and jaw disorders.

And if you are still worried about this procedure, dentists offer soothing dentistry to help you relax.

Less visits to the dentist

With a traditional dental implant, you should be in the office at almost every stage of planning. This may mean at least seven visits to the dentist for a dental implant. But with digital dental implants, dentists can do a lot of planning without your presence by working on a digital model.

In general, when the toothache relieves us, we want the dentist to start the treatment process immediately, and in these cases, the dentist usually deals with the history of various diseases in the person during the description he receives from the client, and if the person If you have heart disease, several things must be considered during the treatment process.

One of these cases is the use of anesthesia as a precaution, because due to the use of these drugs, the heart rate may increase faster and the heart may beat faster. The cause of this condition is high blood pressure.

The anesthetic that should be used for this type of heart disease is different from others

Another thing that should be considered in the dentistry of heart patients is to perform different stages of treatment in a calm and stress-free environment, and also the time to do it should be as short as possible.

Contraindications to dental services for heart patients

Before starting any operation on the teeth of heart patients, their blood pressure should be monitored and the dentist is not allowed to perform therapeutic functions for people with high blood pressure.

People who have had a heart attack or have had heart surgery in the last six months.

How does a doctor find out about a client’s heart disease?

One of the necessary tasks before starting the treatment process is to get a history from the patient about possible diseases and medications. If this is the first time the patient sees a dentist, the patient should be asked about his general condition in an intimate environment. Also, a knowledgeable physician can diagnose some diseases by considering the physical symptoms.

What should be done if the client is found to have heart problems during treatment?

The treatment process should be stopped immediately and if the patient is in serious condition, he / she should be referred to the nearest general practitioner immediately.

Recommendations for heart patients:

Because not knowing the dentist about your medical history can have serious risks for you and also affect your effective treatment process, be sure to provide a description of your heart problems and the medications you are taking to the dentist. Also, tell your doctor if you have a heart battery, as there may be an interference between this device and the electromagnetic devices inside the office, in which case precautions should be considered.

Tips on dental treatment in anesthesia

Another recommendation is that in addition to presenting your history to the dentist, consult your cardiologist before any procedure so that you can be given any advice if necessary. Sometimes a cardiologist’s diagnosis may be needed to delay the dental treatment for several months.

Be sure to tell your dentist if you are taking medications such as warfarin, aspirin and Plavix that are anticoagulants.

Primary teeth, like permanent teeth, can be tilted.

Sometimes in children, due to lack of space or small upper and lower jaws, there is not enough space for teeth to grow, so the tooth comes out of the unusual path and grows in the wrong direction.

Having crooked baby teeth does not mean that your baby will have permanent crooked teeth. However, if there is not enough space for the teeth to grow, you should expect your child’s permanent teeth to become crooked. When the mouth is small, there is less space for the teeth to grow and position, which allows the teeth to move from where they need to.

Crooked jaws can also lead to crooked teeth in the upper or lower jaw. Humans today typically have smaller jaws because the foods that humans use today are more soft and processed and require less chewing than the foods our early ancestors ate.

One of the main causes of severe tooth tilting is an accident. Some accidents that occur to the face, such as a blow to the jaw or mouth, can lead to tooth tilting. Poor teeth and nutrition noted

Some bad habits such as sucking on a finger or tools and toys in childhood can cause the baby’s baby teeth to be tilted. Becoming a child’s tooth.

Inheritance and genetics

Genetics is one of the main causes of children’s crooked teeth. In fact, it can be said that the patterns of teeth in the mouth and jaw are inherited from our parents and we cannot have any control over it.

If one or both parents have crooked teeth, it is likely that the child will not have regular teeth either. If you inherit crooked teeth from your parents, you may even have more problems with crooked teeth than your parents.


When the normal alignment of the teeth and jaw is disturbed, it is said that a person has occlusion. The most common types of malocclusion are overbite and underbite. If the child has an orbital problem, the front teeth of the upper jaw protrude relatively far from the front teeth in the lower jaw. If the child has an underbite, the lower jaw teeth will be in front of the upper jaw.

Complications of tilting a child’s teeth

Problems that crooked teeth cause for the child are:

Periodontal disease

Decreased self-confidence

Speech problems

Excessive wear

Difficulty chewing food

If we do not pay attention to crooked teeth and do not treat them, it can lead to gum disease. Gum disease occurs when the bacteria inside the gums become plaque. Crooked teeth are difficult to clean, so if the gums are not properly placed around the tooth, more bacteria will grow on it, leading to decay.

Treatment of crooked teeth in children

To treat abnormalities or crooked teeth in children, the type of abnormality must first be diagnosed. Methods such as X-rays, photography, impressions, models and computers can be used to diagnose abnormalities.

Ordinary photography can also be used to detect these connections. The impression made by the patient’s teeth as a result of the pressure of the patient’s teeth on a soft material is also used to model the teeth.

After diagnosing the type of abnormality, the correct treatment option is selected. Sometimes only a temporary clip is needed, and in other cases, such as severe overbite or underbite, surgery is needed. But in most cases, braces are the main treatment option.

Left untreated, dental infections can lead to serious and sometimes dangerous infections.

Bad breath, bad taste in the mouth, fever, pain, sensitivity of the teeth to cold or heat, swollen gums, swollen glands in the neck, and swelling in the jaw are symptoms of an infection in the mouth and teeth. .

According to the Journal of Endodontics, in a study of 61, 439 hospitalized patients who developed a dental abscess, 66 patients died from a dental infection. It is very important to observe oral health and perform regular dental examinations.

How does an infected tooth lead to sepsis?
Oral infections can occur in the gums, lips, palate, cheeks and tongue, or at the root of the tooth. Tooth infection also occurs inside or under the tooth, due to tooth decay or fracture. When an infection occurs, the bacteria can leave the tooth and spread to the bone or tissue below, causing a tooth abscess, which can lead to sepsis. As mentioned, sepsis requires timely diagnosis and treatment to survive.

High fever and rapid heartbeat are common symptoms of sepsis. Difficulty breathing may also occur. Skin blemishes are also a sign of the development of sepsis.

Can a tooth infection affect the brain?

Dental abscesses can also lead to meningitis. A condition that causes inflammation of the membranes near the spinal cord and brain. If the bacterial infection is not treated and transmitted to the bloodstream, it spreads to the spinal cord and around the brain. People with weakened immune systems have a higher risk of developing the disease.

Another condition that can be caused by the spread of an uncontrolled bacterial infection to the throat is called Ludwig’s angina. Ludwig’s angina is a rare skin infection that occurs in the floor of the mouth, under the tongue. This bacterial infection often occurs after a tooth abscess. It can also lead to other infections or mouth injuries. The infection is more common in adults than children. People who are treated quickly usually recover completely, but if left untreated can cause severe swelling of the airways and lead to suffocation. Breathing problems, difficulty speaking, neck and ear pain, fever, weakness, confusion and fatigue are common symptoms of Ludwig’s angina.

How should I treat a tooth infection?

If you have symptoms of a tooth infection, see a dentist right away. As with all infections, the infection in your mouth should be treated as soon as possible to reduce the risk of complications, including sepsis.

According to the diagnosis of oral diseases and the research of oral lesions, it has been proven that poor oral hygiene and poor dental hygiene can cause severe symptoms of coronary heart disease and coronary ulcers. Corona virus is a respiratory infection and one of the ways this infection is spread is by coughing or sneezing. Saliva droplets, meanwhile, play a major role in transmitting the disease from person to person, and when particles of the corona virus are transmitted to the surface by coughing or sneezing, they can easily come into contact with others and cause the disease. Here’s how to transmit the corona virus through oral hygiene…

Studies on the transmission of coronary heart disease have shown that the oral environment of people with poor hygiene, facilitates the transfer of germs into the lungs and causes disease and inflammation in the lungs. Regular hand washing is essential for oral hygiene due to direct contact with the mouth. The salivary glands, nasal cavity, and tonsils are the most common types of ACE receptors, so viruses in the mouth and nose are easily transmitted to the respiratory tract. For this reason, toothpaste and toothbrush are said to contain cleansers that can act as a disinfectant in the mouth. Corona oral infection is more severe in people with poor oral hygiene. Oral microbial space is one of the dangerous substrates for easier coronary transmission, and this will be exacerbated in people with underlying diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and others.

People who use dentures should be more careful about their oral hygiene and prioritize regular brushing of dentures, as germs can be easily transmitted to the mouth in this situation.

Experts in the field of coronavirus transmission research recommend that if you do not eat food for a long time and do not even drink water, it will reduce the flow of saliva in the mouth and cause decay and transmission and multiplication of the virus in the oral environment. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid drinking and not eating for a long time.

How to maintain good oral hygiene in Corona

In order for the oral cavity to function properly, it is recommended to brush your teeth at least twice a day with a toothbrush and toothpaste to prevent the deterioration of coronary heart disease, in case of infection, in the area of ​​the mouth and teeth.

Adhere to dental care standards. Brush twice a day and use medicated mouthwash if needed. Some types of toothpaste relieve dental allergies and can therefore be used to control infection until you see a dentist.

 If you have sensitive teeth, avoid eating very hot or cold food.

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or use hand sanitizer when necessary.

Clean the toothbrush properly after use to make sure it is not contaminated.

Hygiene tips when attending a dental clinic:

Wear a face mask when visiting a dentist and consulting a doctor.

If you need to use the toilet, wash your hands properly and according to the hygiene instructions.

Try to avoid carrying unnecessary items such as watches, jewelry and other items.

If you observe any of the following conditions, it is necessary to see a dentist as soon as possible:

Swelling of the cheeks or gums and severe pain from possible swelling or infection.

Severe tooth sensitivity or toothache.

Bleeding gums.

 Enamel and dentin are important parts that are the last layer of our teeth and are responsible for providing strength and preventing decay. The material from which enamel and dentin are made is the hardest mineral in the human body. This part of the teeth, in addition to being very important in terms of strength and health of the teeth, also has a great impact on the appearance of people and is more visible than other parts. These parts protect the inside of the tooth from plaque, acidic substances, drinks or very hot and cold foods. Therefore, tooth enamel and dentin are more prone to erosion and damage than other parts. After your enamel is damaged, erosion and damage can reach the inside of the tooth and cause many problems. In the continuation of this article, we will get acquainted with the complications of enamel and dentin and the ways of their prevention and treatment.

Signs of enamel and dentin damage

The dangers and injuries that threaten your enamel have different symptoms at different stages of their development. Also, the existence of a variety of complications of enamel and dentin makes the need to recognize the symptoms of these problems more important.

 If the process of erosion of your enamel or dentin has progressed, you will feel very severe pain in your teeth. This pain can be especially severe when you consume sugary foods and foods or drinks that are hot or cold. In acute cases, the pain will be very severe and unbearable. However, in the early stages of caries, you may feel a slight tenderness as the tooth cools and warms.

Color change

 In this condition, the person’s teeth tend to turn yellow. This problem is more common on teeth and dentin, and you will see yellow or even brown spots. In such cases, you should consult a dentist and take the first steps to prevent other problems.

 Cuts on the enamel

In this case, the surface of your tooth looks cut and deformed.


Enamel and dentin complications are caused by certain conditions, there are also factors that increase the likelihood of decay and damage to the enamel over time.

Tiny fractures

Occasionally there are small cracks in your teeth when you chew food, especially solid foods, which gradually turn into larger fractures. This will speed up the process of eroding your teeth.


 If your teeth are exposed to acidic substances, you will see them decay over time. Taking vitamin and aspirin pills, sour and carbonated foods or drinks, gastric acid reflux or vomiting, low saliva, and… reasons that can increase the erosion of your teeth due to corrosion. Diseases such as bulimia or bulimia nervosa can also cause your teeth to erode, because in this disease the person involuntarily eats and then is forced to vomit, which makes the enamel more prone to damage.

Scratching the enamel

Brushing too hard, flossing incorrectly, biting hard objects such as pens, pencils or nails will scratch your teeth and further promote tooth decay.

 People who struggle with bruxism when they wake up or sleep are more likely to develop tooth decay and enamel.

The effect of bacteria on enamel and dentin complications

Usually, after consuming any food, a lot of bacteria in your mouth consume starch and sweet foods. After absorbing these substances, the bacteria produce a special acid that will damage your enamel. Also, some bacteria can cause many problems for the health of the mouth and gums. Of course, keep in mind that the acids in some beverages and foods that are consumed throughout the day (such as soft drinks) are much higher than the amount of acid produced by bacteria. Acids cause the enamel to decompose over time, so you will gradually see the size of your teeth shrink. In recent years, the incidence of enamel and dentin complications in children has increased. According to experts, one of the main reasons for this problem is excessive consumption of non-organic and acidic beverages.

What is dental plaque and what effect does it have on the complications of tooth enamel and dentin?

The ingredients of dental plaque are bacteria, food, saliva and other substances in the mouth. The plaque usually forms in the space between the teeth, small holes in the dentin, around the filling, between the gums and the teeth, and so on.