Wisdom teeth are the last teeth in each jaw arch, which emerge between the ages of 18 and 25 (in some people it may grow sooner), and dentists call it the “Third Asia.”
Usually, each person has 2 wisdom teeth in the upper jaw, 2 wisdom teeth in the lower jaw for a total of 4 wisdom teeth. Occasionally, for inherited reasons, childhood diseases (anemia, rickets), misalignment of jaw bone growth with the size of the teeth, and these teeth remain inside the jaw. Also, part of their crown may appear incompletely in the mouth, in which case it is called a half-hidden wisdom tooth. An impacted tooth is a tooth that has passed since its eruption and for various reasons is not able to be in the proper row with other teeth. Such wisdom teeth may be stuck in soft or hard tissue. Problems that impacted wisdom teeth can cause include inflammation of the soft tissue lining the wisdom teeth, which often occurs in connection with semi-erupted teeth, decay of caries or decay in the area adjacent to wisdom teeth, and the risk of damage to adjacent teeth. The absence of wisdom teeth is one or more examples of hypodontia.
Wisdom tooth problems
Most people in the community have problems with wisdom teeth that can be mentioned as follows:
The compressive effect of space constraints on the maxillary arch or the growth of wisdom teeth in the wrong direction can cause problems such as:
- Root resorption of the second Asian tooth (in case of incorrect tooth growth pattern (horizontally))
- The formation of cysts and tumors of dental origin around the wisdom teeth, which may be benign or malignant, depending on the type of lesion.
- Weakening of the jawbone by an impacted tooth and mechanical instability of the jawbone against impact
- Disorder and disruption of the rest of the jaw teeth
You can feel the pain of wisdom teeth in the back of your mouth. If you look in the mirror, you may notice that your wisdom teeth have protruded slightly from the gums. This area may be red and hot.
However, some people do not have specific symptoms of wisdom tooth pain. Mouth pain can also have a number of other causes. They can include tooth decay, fractures or abscesses, filling fractures or injuries, and gum infections.
No matter what the cause, you should see a dentist. Your wisdom teeth may be crooked and may not come out of your mouth properly, or they may cause an infection around your teeth.
Whatever the cause, painful wisdom teeth can really affect the health of your mouth and should be treated immediately. Wisdom toothache sometimes comes from nowhere and starts suddenly without warning. On the other hand, wisdom tooth pain can also appear slowly and gradually.
The first step is to set up an appointment to see your dentist if you think you have a toothache. He or she will be able to assess the area and determine if your pain is really from a wisdom tooth.