As soon as a meal enters our mouth, the bacteria in the mouth begin to break down the sugar in it and produce acid, which attacks the tooth enamel, causing tooth decay. So the more times we eat, the more, in the same way, we expose our teeth to the process of tooth decay more.
Foods that strengthen teeth:
Cheese, milk, yogurt without sugar: Due to its high content of calcium, it has a great effect on the remineralization of tooth enamel. In addition, the cheese sticks to the plaque formed on the tooth surface, disrupting the structure of dental plaque and preventing the activity of tooth decaying bacteria.
Meats: Due to their high phosphorus content, they are useful in strengthening the tooth structure.
Sesame:Due to its high calcium content, it strengthens the tooth structure.
Foods containing vitamin C (such as citrus): Due to its participation in the structure of collagen (the main constituent of soft tissue) in the gums, it strengthens a person’s gums.
Foods that make the oral environment alkaline and prevent tooth decay:
After eating food, as we say, the pH of the mouth decreases, if this pH reaches less than 5.5, it can demineralize tooth enamel. Therefore, any food that is effective in modulating the pH of the mouth is considered an alkaline food in the oral environment.
Water: This vital fluid reduces the acid concentration by stimulating salivation and buffers the oral environment.
Crisp and high fiber fruits and vegetables such as apples, carrots, and celery: These foods also help buffer the oral environment by stimulating saliva secretion because they require a lot of chewing.
Green tea: Due to its polyphenolic compounds, it reduces the activity of oral microbes and thus reduces not only the formation of dental plaque, but also the thickness of the formed plaque. On the other hand, green tea is a very good drink to eliminate bad breath (halitosis) due to the presence of these polyphenols. On the other hand, in some articles, the presence of fluoride in tea is also mentioned, which strengthens the tooth structure.
Sugar-free chewing gum: Sugar-free chewing gum is actually glucose-free and usually contains xylitol instead of glucose. Streptococcus mutants (carcinogenic bacteria) usually produce acid by breaking down glucose. But xylitol in these sugar-free gums replaces glucose, but Streptococcus mutants does not break it down. Therefore, no acid is produced that leads to decay. Chewing gum also stimulates saliva secretion and, by increasing the volume of saliva, also buffers the oral environment.
Raw onions are strong antibacterial due to their high sulfur content and kill harmful bacteria in the mouth.